Please refer to my or dogletnoir's teaching example for how that is done.... OK, so how do I connect everything? What leads from one chord to another? That's where scales do come into play, as the natural connection between chords in the same scale are the notes of the scale itself - the ones in the chords and the ones NOT in the chords - those pitches can be used to connect chord tones. As for leading to the chord, you can hit a chord tone as a melodic resolution right on the chord change - or you can anticipate or delay that resolution for various effects. "It tends to sound like I jump between isolated phrases rather than play a melody" Sing what you are going to play - it helps connect the melodic content. Also be aware of the rock player "licks" mentality - a good solo is not a collection of licks, as that can sound just as you describe, like isolated phrases. "it usually doesn't matter where you start and end" I've told students notes and phrases have definite beginnings and definite endings. Just like speaking - we begin a phrase, and we end phrases; phrases connect into sentence, to express our ideas, and we end the sentence. We connect sentences into paragraphs (or monologues orally) and so on. So it is with a good jazz improv. It has phrases, sentences, paragraphs, and tells a story. That sounds abstract and it is - but one needs to have that idea in mind when attempting to learn to improvise at a level needed to enjoy playing jazz. More as questions get asked. PS I do not want you all to to listen to my recorded track for the listen counts, to bolster my ego, or for praise. I want you guys to hear what I do on a live gig with this tune. It will help you understand where I am coming from and although certainly not a world classic solo that's going to wind up transcribed on one of the jazz guitar websites, it does demonstrate what I am describing. Thanks.